A hybrid solar inverter is a unit that converts direct electric current into alternating current. Electricity is generated by a solar generation system (solar panel). The value of DC voltage in such devices is equal to 12 V, 24 V, or 48 V. After conversion to a variable value U varies and is equal to 220 V or 380 V.
The choice of a hybrid inverter for use in everyday life is the most rational solution. In contrast to the autonomous and network, used mainly in the industry, the hybrid is compact in size and therefore easy to operate.
From the school course of physics, it is known that direct current is used for domestic and industrial needs, and its range of applications is wide from lighting to industrial machinery. Unlike DC, which when transmitting it over distances carries significant losses, the variable can be transmitted over large areas without damage. An inverter is needed to convert DC to AC.
Principle of operation
The principle of operation of the solar inverter is the same as that of other similar devices; it is based on a double conversion of the original parameters. In the beginning, the electric current supplied to the unit input is converted into an alternating current. In the design of the solar battery, the role of the input is performed by photovoltaic panels. Then the voltage is increased to the required value for the operation.
The main difference between the hybrid power inverter and other types is the combination of two power sources; from the Central power supply and from the solar battery. On the one hand, the Converter is connected to consumers of electricity, power supply network. On the other hand, the power comes from the battery. The accumulating device receives power through the MRT controller.
This type of current supply allows you to control the amount of incoming energy and, if necessary, replace its lack. The charger and the Central network complement each other perfectly. When the battery is full, the excess electricity through the input of the inverter is fed into the Central power grid (output).
The battery efficiency is 100%. Power is uninterrupted. When the consumption drops the whole system goes into charging mode and after a while is ready to work again. Hybrid inverters are equipped with a double power function.