Types of energy are designed to make human life easier. Energy types work in many different ways and in different sectors. Energy is not known as the capacity to do business or the ability to make a difference. We can briefly describe energy as the ability and capacity to do a job. Technological differences are added to the production factors of labor, capital and land of the energy economy sector. Energy is the main center of economic development. It is an important factor in providing output by combining production factors.
What are Types of Energy?
- Heat energy
- Mechanical energy
- Chemical energy
- Nuclear energy
- Electrical energy
- Magnetic energy
- Kinetic energy
- Potential energies
It is possible to divide energy types into renewable and non-renewable energy. These include solar energy, water energy, tidal energy, geothermal energy and biomass energy and wave energy. And the newly added sources are hydrogen and thorium. Non-renewable coal, petroleum, natural gas and the like are fossil fuels.
Once these fuels have been exhausted, it takes a long time to replace them and cannot be achieved in a short time. In contrast, renewable resources can be replaced in a short time after using them. Renewable energies; reusable energies. Consumable energy; It is the energy that is used but cannot be replaced again in time.
Fossil-derived energies. Renewable energies are called current energies and non-renewable energies are called stock energies. Besides, if no other transformation is applied, such energies are called primary energies.
Primary energies are listed as follows
- Natural gas
- Petroleum and petroleum products
- Hydraulic energy
- Nuclear energy
- Renewable energies (solar, geothermal, wind, biogas and hydrogen)
- Conventional or non-commercial energies (wood, plant and animal waste)
Descriptions of energy types
Potential energy: The type of energy a substance has, depending on its location and state. In other words, there is potential energy in a model lying in the air and extending from top to bottom with a rope. All stressed or compressed materials have potential energy.
Kinetic energy: To have kinetic energy, a substance must be moving. Examples are a moving child, a spinning wheel, a ball falling from above.
Heat energy: It is the type of energy that substances have due to their temperature. All objects with high or low temperature have heat energy. As an example; bulb, heaters and electric stove
Electrical energy: It is the type of energy that substances have due to their electrical charge.
Light energy: This type of energy is a kind of energy that can illuminate everywhere that is dark. Burning wood, the sun, the lamp, and so on, somehow convert some of their energy into light energy.
Chemical energy: It occurs as a result of the presence of objects in chemical reactions. Events such as burning and burning are the result of an energy and produce an energy in them.
Nuclear energy: This is the result of fission or fusion. In this way electricity is obtained from nuclear power plants.
Sound energy: How do we know that sound is an energy type? Breaking glass. Remember the high-pitched windows that the music broke. These are because of the energy of sound. The kinetic energy of the bell is transformed into sound and some heat energy. In other words, if our finger is ringing, this sound is energy conversion. These are the types of energy we try to recognize.